This article clarifies ideas about hosting . It can be useful to those who are going or have recently organized their representation in the Internet. The provision of hosting becomes as important for a modern person as the concept of television, radio, newspapers and magazines. The article will help determine what kind of hosting is needed to solve certain tasks.
Web hosting is the place for your website. From the hosting depends on the download speed of your Internet project.
To begin, let’s try to determine what hosting services are for. The word “hosting”, like many other words from the Internet lexicon, comes from the English language from the word “host / hosting”, which has several meanings: host, main device, main computer, keeper of the inn. The meaning of “inn keeper” is closest to the correct interpretation of the term “hosting” on the Internet, since This implies that your web page is hosted on a computer hosting provider of the Internet along with many other people’s web pages.
What is good hosting for? Suppose you created a website on your computer. Now the following question arises before you: how to place it on the Internet, so that a certain user at any time can get access to it? You can arrange hosting. The server should be set up so that from the Internet this page can be viewed by anyone from your computer. But this means that: firstly, your computer must constantly work; secondly, it must be constantly connected to the Internet; thirdly, the Internet connection should occur at high speed, because if several people immediately want to see your web page, or if you need file hosting, the speed of a normal telephone connection will not be enough. Besides,
It is obvious that placing a site on the Internet on your personal computer is associated with big problems and costs, so we choose professional hosting from one of the firms providing this service of firms.
If your website is small or medium (for example, 100-5000 MB in size), then it does not require installation and use of a separate server (computer), the most effective and popular solution is the so-called virtual hosting , when one Internet provider server (hosting – provider) provides the operation of several (hundreds and thousands) virtual websites. If your site has already grown, you can consider the service, in which the end user is provided with a virtual dedicated server. It simulates the operation of a real physical server – there is root access, it is possible to install its own operating systems and software. On the same physical server usually runs several independent virtual servers. This service is calledhosting virtual servers or just VDS.
This hosting provides access to your website to any Internet user at any time from anywhere in the world via an email address. In order to create this address, there is a special service – domain name registration .
What is web hosting?
Web hosting is a way of placing a site on the Internet. As soon as you have placed your site on the server, anyone can access it by typing the domain name in the browser’s line. Access to the site is possible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
To post your website online, you must:
- first of all, have your own website. You need to have a copy of the site on your local computer (in html files), or ready materials + script that would allow you to create a web site directly on the server.
- Domain name. You need to find and purchase the domain name of the site. It is desirable that the name speaks about the subject of the site, and it is easy to remember. A domain name can be in any domain zone of your choice, for example: .com .net .org .ru, etc. When choosing a domain zone, be guided by data on domain topics. Domains .com, for example, are intended for commercial sites, .org – government agencies and public organizations. Regional domains talk about the site belonging to any region. This is an optional rule, but it is worth remembering.
- order one of the hosting plans in the company that provides web hosting services. The choice of the tariff plan is a separate topic for conversation, so in this article we will not discuss it.
What is a server?
This is a computer hosted by an Internet provider and connected to the world wide web that stores a copy of the website. As a rule, one server can accommodate a lot of websites, due to the large disk space. But in general, it does not matter. What is important is not the volume of the server, but its computing power and bandwidth of the Internet channels of the provider.
With the help of any web browser (programs for viewing websites on the Internet) you can access your website by typing the website address in the line.
Web hosting can be compared with rental properties. Many companies are ready to offer hosting for a reasonable fee, but few can provide proper quality hosting. Speaking about the cost of hosting, it should be noted that for most web sites the cost of payment per month may not exceed 100 rubles. Within this cost, you can find a hosting company that provides about 1,000 megabytes of server disk space and all sorts of functions, such as installing and running scripts, supporting databases, the administrative panel (that is, your control panel) of the website, where settings are made not only the site, but also e-mail.
If you plan to open a representative office in the network, you need not only to decide what level the website will be, but also to correctly determine the choice of the hosting provider. Statistically, more than 70% of site owners switched from one web hosting service to another at least once. The transfer to another provider was caused by dissatisfaction with the quality of provided web hosting services.
Indeed, any provider says that he is the best, and he has the lowest prices, etc. etc. And then it turns out that the support service is not responding, or is responding, but with a delay, the servers sometimes “hang” due to the heavy load. Such a carelessness in choosing a provider can cause great losses. Imagine what the lack of access to the company’s website means, where every half an hour important information is updated for employees located in remote branches of the company. Imagine that potential clients of the company cannot find out the contact phone number or email address, because they cannot get to the site. Perhaps in half an hour they will not make a second attempt to enter the site. Perhaps in half an hour they will find another competing firm. The damage from hanging servers can be huge.
In order not to make mistakes in choosing a web hosting service, it is necessary to visit forums and rating sites where hosters are discussed. Carefully read the opinions of customers about different hosting providers. Time spent exploring forums and reading reviews will pay off with the stability of the website.
Web hosting services: which tariff to choose?
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Tariff plans, as a rule, differ in the size of the disk space, the possible number of subdomains of the site, the restriction on outgoing traffic. Of course, after you have selected some of the most reputable hosting companies, you need to compare their tariff plans. When comparing it is necessary to remember what requirements the tariff plan should satisfy. It is necessary to take into account:
If your first website will consist of several pages and a logo, then the tariff plan is quite suitable, where the size of the disk space will be from 1000 to 1500 megabytes. This is more than enough. Practically no hosting provider provides less than 1000 megabytes of disk space.
With postal addresses easier – almost all providers make available an unlimited number of addresses within one domain. The limit can only be on the number of separate POP3 and SMTP accounts. This means that, despite the different addresses, you have a limited number of individual connections using an email program.
Installing and running scripts is necessary if the site will be built on dynamic pages, or it is necessary to implement the search function inside the site. If the site is completely built on static html-pages, then the launch of scripts is of secondary importance.
Access to the site via FTP is required. Without it, you will not do anything. FTP access is provided by any provider, at this stage everything is simple and clear.
The administrative panel , at first glance, does not have high significance. But when it comes to practical site maintenance, a high-quality admin panel is simply indispensable. With the help of the admin panel you can not only set the site settings, but also get statistical information about the site, for example: how much disk space is used / freely, what is the outgoing traffic indicator for this month; as a rule, all providers set a limit on outgoing traffic (Hostland’s traffic is unlimited – approx. red.). With the help of the admin panel it is easy to operate on the site and e-mail settings: create new email addresses, set up mail forwarding, manage folders and files (set file permissions, passwords to directories).
Paid outbound trafficis of great importance. If you do not calculate how much information in kilobytes will be sent from the site to users’ computers, you may have to pay the hosting provider for exceeding the limit on outgoing traffic. Calculate the average level of outgoing traffic is quite simple. Calculate the volume of the average page of the site, including the graphic elements that are located on it. Remember that when loading other pages that use a previously downloaded image, it is not re-taken from your site, but from the user’s computer cache. Now predict how many pages an average user can view, and estimate the average number of users per day. Now multiply the page volume by the number of pages and by the number of users per day. You will receive an approximate amount of outgoing traffic per day.
If the figure is large enough, do not worry, because these are just your assumptions. Maybe you will have far fewer visitors than you think, and each of them will visit fewer pages, and a third of the site visitors will disable graphics download in the browser (I don’t want all of this!)